BIFROST will explore the intricate physics of magnetism and superconductivity, with applications in the IT and energy materials of tomorrow. It will also be used in geoscience and functional materials. It will do this with neutron spectroscopy, the main tool for investigating low-energy dispersive dynamics in single crystals.
Cold neutron spectroscopy is the only tool in existence for probing such dynamics in the 0-40 meV range. Due to the intrinsically low signal-to-noise in neutron spectroscopy, it remains a flux-limited technique, requiring large sample mass for feasibility. However, many species of materials are only grown with techniques that intrinsically yield small crystals in the milligram range, like for instance flux growth techniques or electrocrystallization.